Cases of coronavirus are growing rapidly in the United States. So how did it start? And how should you plan it? That’s what you need to know about COVID-19.
The deadly coronavirus that started in Central China as a handful of infections quickly became a global epidemic that shut down entire cities, endangered the health of thousands of people and challenged the strength of the global economy.
According to data from the Johns Hopkins University, more than 95,700 new coronavirus cases have been identified in more than 60 countries worldwide, with over 3,200 people dead.
As new cases in China decline, hot areas in Europe and the Middle East are developing. In the United States, the death toll is rising as new cases throughout the world are reported.
There are more questions than answers weeks before the outbreak. This is what about COVID-19 you need to know.
Symptoms of Coronavirus
Symptoms can vary from mild to severe, and there are no symptoms at all in some cases. Fever, weariness and dry cough are the most common symptoms. Others experience discomfort and aches, nasal congestion, flushing nose, mouth, or diarrhoea.
According to the World Health Organization, about 1 in 6 people get seriously ill and experience problems breathing. Call your doctor if you have fever, cough and shortness of breath.
How many cases of coronavirus are in the United States?
According to Johns Hopkins, in the USA there are at least 159 confirmed cases in 15 states. Officials warn of the possible contamination of many more men. Eight people rescued in the U.S. at least. Some of them are linked to travel, others have spread to men, and others have been returned to USA from Wuhan, China and the cruise ship Diamond Princess.
States of coronavirus cases in US
Cases have been confirmed in Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oregon, Rhode Island, Texas, Washington and Wisconsin.
How many people died of the coronavirus in the United States?
Eleven people died in Portland, California, from the coronavirus of the U.S.:10. In the western Seattle, five of the victims lived in a nursing home. One of them was already on the cruise ship Diamond Princess.
How many coronavirus cases are there worldwide?
This is a global summary from Thursday:
• More than 95,700 cases
• More than 53,400 people saved
• A total of 3,280 people in 14 countries have died
US resident travel restrictions
The CDC recommends that all non-essential journeys to China, South Korea, Italy and Iran, to level three, be avoided. Hong Kong, Macao or Taiwan are not included. Japan is in warning levels two and Hong Kong is in alert level one (practical improved precautions). Hong Kong is in alert level three.
In the fear of contracted virus many people have cancelled trips abroad. Several institutions have ended their studies abroad and certain companies have taken an international break.
Preparation for coronavirus
Take usual care during the flu-season: avoid close contact with the sick. Don’t cross your mouth and eyes. Do not touch your mouth and nose. Hide your cough. Cover your cough. If you are sick, stay home. Clean objects and surfaces of the home. Wash at least 20 seconds of your face.
If you are sick and would like to plan a potential quarantine, you will think not to leave your home here is a shopping list of items.
And no, if you do not have COVID-19 and show symptoms, you do not need a face mask. The procurement of masks takes valuable materials from health workers who most need them.
Who is at highest risk of getting or dying?
According to the CDC, the general public is at low risk of COVID-19.
Inclusive people living in populations with constant transmission, healthcare workers who are taking care of COVID-19 patients and patient contacts are at higher risk for exposure to the virus.
For fact, as with seasonal flu, the greatest risk of serious illness and death involves individuals over 60 years of age as well as persons with underlying conditions, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory disease and WHO cancer.
According to the February report by the World Health Organization of China, the median age for coronavirus patients is 51 years, with a majority (78 per cent) between 30 and 69 years. Between people over 80 years old was the highest mortality rate.
Is there any effect on pregnancy with coronavirus?
The effects of the coronavirus on pregnant women are unknown. In general, pregnant women may undergo body changes that may make them more susceptible to VRI according to the CDC.
For SARS and MERS, pregnant women were more likely to develop severe illness and, according to the CDC, had errors and mortality.
The virus cannot be transferred from an infected mother to her fetus, and none of the infants have tested positive for the virus, the CDC reports, in a small number of recent infants born to mothers with COVID-19.
How do children suffer from the coronavirus?
Coronavirus appears to be uncommon in children, with approximately 2 percent of cases recorded by the WHO study in China among people under 19. Even less of that age group had serious (2.5%) or vital disease (0.2%). As of February, only 1 person under 20 died in China.
Coronavirus vs influenza: How many individuals die of flu per year?
In the United States, the CDC has registered influenza deaths from 12,000 to 61,000 every year since 2010. At least 32 million influenza outbreaks, 310,000 hospitalizations and 18,000 influenza deaths have been confirmed by this season. In children there were at least 125 of these deaths.
Why is it related to the influenza pandemic of 1918?
The Spanish flu, a H1N1 virus, emerged after the First World War and spread to around a third of the world’s population between 1918 and 1919. According to the CDC, an estimated 50 million deaths, around 675,000 in the US.
Unlike the pandemic of 1918 COVID-19, young healthy people aged between 20 and 40 had a high mortality rate. The mortality rate for Spanish influenza was about 2.5 per cent, but on the basis of the reported cases the mortality rate for COVID-19 is nearer than 3.4 per cent.
As COVID-19, isolation, quarantine, personal hygiene, use of disinfectors and public limits of meetings in compliance with the CDC were the key precautions against the pandemic in 1918.
How the coronavirus started?
Coronaviruses are a wide range of viruses named for their spikes. Coronaviruses have been transmitted in animals in rare cases and spread the virus to other humans. This is the case with Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, or MERS, and SARS, two much deadlier coronaviruses. This is what has happened with SARS.
COVID-19 was detected for the first time in December 2019 and was originally known as the new coronavirus. In Wuhan, China, a City of 11 million people, the first infection was linked to the market. How transmission unfolded still is uncertain, but a number of theories exist.
Some scientists believe that someone bought, consumed, got sick and infected other contaminated meat on the market. Others claim the virus was bat-borne, transmitted to the intermediate species, and then to humans. Some scientists say that pangolins were perhaps the intermediate host.
How is the spread of coronavirus? How long is the surface coronavirus?
The virus is rapidly spreading from individual to individual and scientists still know how it spreads. According to the CDC, the virus spreads by respiratory outlet’s (similar to the cold or flu) between individuals in close contact with each other (about 6 feet).
According to the CDC, no evidence is available for the virus to be spread by food. However, a person may get the virus by touching the surface or object on which the virus is found and touching his / her own face. The risk of spreading foodstuffs or shipments delivered over days or weeks, according to the CDC, is likely to be very small.
Is the vaccine available? Can it handle the coronavirus?
No coronavirus drugs or vaccines, including COVID-19, are eligible. The symptoms caused by viruses are only treated by physicians.
The COVID-19 DNA was decoded and released by Chinese scientists and several U.S. and foreign pharmaceutical companies are working on developing vaccines. It has been predicted that a vaccine is ready for use within 12-18 months, by Dr. Anthony Fauci the Director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.
How is this going to impact economy? Will it ever get back to the stock market?
The epidemic of COVID-19 is affecting the US economy more and more. The fears of viruses have reduced tourism and travel. Manufacturers were expected to export less to Asia and to Europe and lower imports of parts and retail products were expected to cause shortages in the USA.
The stock market has been wildly fluctuating. The industrial average Dow Jones lost 3,500 points in one week by the end of February, and Dow and S&P 500 have been the worst in one week since October 2008.
The Federal Reserve cut interest rates in the emergency response on March 3–the Federal Reserve’s first rate cut since the financial crisis deep in 2008 between scheduled meetings. The Fed has confirmed that it will keep track of developments.
Do I have to cancel my forthcoming events?
Concerts, shows, and events are postponed and businesses, museums, resorts, and theme parks are closed all over the world in order to prevent the virus from continuing to spread.
The original article is in https://www.usatoday.com/
Grace Hauck, USA TODAY